Development of A Model For the in-Service Training of Secondary School Science Teachers


  • Muhammad Akram Shah Times Institute, Multan
  • Maryam Hussain Times Institute, Multan
  • Sabad Gul Times Institute, Multan



Science Education Project, Government Colleges for Elementary Teachers, Directorate of Staff Development, Teachers Resource Centers, in service Education for Teachers


The present study aimed for developing a model for in-service training for science teachers of secondary schools keeping in view deficiencies and drawbacks found in the existing model. The population consisted of 2191 secondary school science teachers of Southern Punjab and the sample consisted of 724 trainees who were imparted training under Science Education Project (SEP) in the years 2002 and 2003 from four districts Multan, Layyah, Khanewal and Lodhran that were selected by random sampling technique. The questionnaire was developed that comprised 38 items including one open-ended question regarding suggestions for improving the INSET programme. The items of the questionnaire were developed regarding various indicators like reason of participation, use of teaching method, use of A.V. Aids and information regarding the commencement of INSET. The major findings and conclusion of the study were: (i) trainees participated for their professional growth (ii) the lecture method was frequently used and (iii) trainees were informed before the commencement of the training course. They also suggested that INSET should be conducted by using modern methods of teaching at the local or tehsil level. Relevant subject teachers and highly qualified master trainers should be nominated for INSET. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to analyze the data. The proposed Model of INSET for secondary school science teachers was developed on the basis of findings, conclusions and recommendations.      

Author Biographies

Muhammad Akram Shah, Times Institute, Multan

Department of Education

Maryam Hussain, Times Institute, Multan

Department of Education



How to Cite

Muhammad Akram Shah, Maryam Hussain, & Sabad Gul. (2022). Development of A Model For the in-Service Training of Secondary School Science Teachers. PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY, 3(1), 49-68.