A Historical and Econometric Analysis of Energy Consumption and Industrial Output in Pakistan (1990-2019)
Keywords:Energy Consumption, Annual Energy Trends, Industrial Sector Output
This paper examines the nexus of disaggregated energy consumption and industrial output in Pakistan. The annual time series data over the period 1990-2019 has been taken for current research. ARDL technique has been employed for empirical analysis. The results show that oil consumption, electricity consumption and gas consumption are positively and significantly connected with the industrial output in long run. Similarly, trade openness, labour and capital also have the same association with the industrial output and have significant outcomes in the long run. The results of Granger causality show that there exists a unidirectional causality from electricity consumption to industrial output. The study concludes that oil, gas and electricity are contributing a large share in industrial growth so that it would be made an effort to install the plants relevant with these energy sources to meet the affordable demand in the industry sector.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.