PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs <p>The first Women University in Multan welcomes you to come forward in participation of our peer reviewed journal in different disciplines. The Journal provides a plate form for the publication of post advance research. It promotes a vibrant research culture. It is dedicated to explore new areas of history and to develop its capacity in all fields of History &amp; Pakistan Studies. The faculty and students are actively engaged in research activities. This journal welcomes original, empirical investigations. The paper may represent a variety of theoretical perspectives and different methodological approaches. History is a subject that aims at enhancing patriotism in the hearts of researchers. Within the research program, social studies provides coordinated, systematic study drawing upon such disciplines as anthropology, economics, geography, history, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion and sociology as well as appropriate content from the humanities to promote civic competence. The journal standards for social studies provide a framework for professional deliberation and planning about what is going on in our society. The major criteria in the review and selection process concern the significance of the contribution to the area of learning and instruction.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>PATRON IN CHIEF</strong></p> <p><strong>Prof. Dr Uzma Quraishi</strong><br />Vice Chancellor<br />The Women University, Multan.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>EDITOR-IN-CHIEF</strong></p> <p><strong>Dr. Fatima Ali</strong><br />Department of History &amp; Pakistan Studies<br />The Women University, Multan.</p> The Women University, Multan en-US PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2707-6709 Mughal Men’s Head Ornaments with an Emphasize on Turban Ornaments and their Connection with European Aigrette http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/36 <p><em>Jewelry is main aspect of dressing and Mughal Jewelry is a fascinating theme to explore. Its styles can be traced through the paintings that clearly give accurate information of the style and variety of ornaments that were used during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Jewelry is considered the feminine adornment part but miniature shows the beautiful ornamentation of Mughal emperors also with variation in sizes and design. This article discusses the Mughal male head ornaments and study is focused on the turban ornamentations. As man’s turban is his sacrosanct property and variety of turban ornaments were used by Mughals. This paper is an attempt to understand and examine that how the Mughal turban ornament develops from simple feather to piece of complex jewelry designs and how other culture helps in its development. Why Mughal emperors worn such gemstones in headdress and which techniques were used for its decoration? Is there any specific reason of using such gemstones or just for ornamentations purposes? In the end it concludes that sarpech shapes helps in the development of European aigrette and became a part of European jewelry that later helped in the modification of turban ornaments and </em>Euro-Indian sarpech-aigrette<em> appeared with more delicate style.</em></p> Muhammad Ahsan Bilal Sonia Nasir Khan Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 1 1 16 10.52700/pjh.v2i1.36 Influential Thoughts of Muslim Thinkers about the Education System; Imam Ghazali and Ibn-Khaldun http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/37 <p><em>Islam is considered divine religion. It is based on God's revelation and the sunnah of the Holy Prophet. It's a complete code of life as religion not just worship. Islam places considerable emphasis on education, as well as on beliefs and worship. It drives people to seek knowledge as a last religion. While, the first revelation highlights the significance of seeking knowledge as the first revelation word “Iqra” which means Read (Chapter Al-alaq). The main prerequisite for developing education is established in first chapter Al alaq's five ayat (Read, knowledge, and pen). The two renowned Muslim thinkers Imam Ghazali and Ibn Khuldun have passed in history, their services in the field of education provide directions to our current education system. Keeping in view the Islamic school of thoughts Imam Ghazali and Ibn Khuldun explained a comprehensive educational philosophy which they have discussed the main foundations of philosophy i.e. metaphysics, epistemology and axiology in the light of Quran and sunnah. Moreover, they have elaborated the aims of education and introduced the techniques to achieve them. As well as they clearly defined the role and responsibilities of instructors and pupils. So, this paper designates the biography and educational thoughts of Imam Ghazali and Ibne Khuldun in detail i.e., the concept of knowledge, classification of knowledge, learning stages, teaching methodology, curriculum, concept of discipline and obligations of both instructors and pupils. </em></p> Amna Saleem Huma Kausar Fatima Ali Sumaira Mehboob Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 1 17 34 10.52700/pjh.v2i1.37 Fatima Jinnah & Benazir Bhutto: Initial Saga of Painful Birth of Pakistan’s Feminine Politics http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/33 <p><em>Women’s political participation is a fundamental prerequisite for the assurance of Gender Equality and Genuine goodwill of Democracy. No nation can rise to the height of glory without the participation of their women into legal, political, socio-economic and decision making process of household to public life. Gender-sensitive Governance has been achieved all over the Globe to some extent but struggle is still on its way and it needs much encroachment. Previously, women who partook in electoral campaigns or political uplifting of other women were docketed as deteriorated women by misogynist portions. This article is based on the struggle of two most Empowered Ladies of Pakistan, Miss Fatima Jinnah and Benazir Bhutto for the refurbishment of democracy, women emancipation and equitable and inclusive governance of women. Though, they both faced a lot of backlash, but still they marked a difference among those people for the sake of their women.</em></p> Ushna Tariq Rajia Tariq Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 1 35 48 10.52700/pjh.v2i1.33 Identifying Political Global Ideology in Prime Minster of Pakistan Imran Khan’s Speech at United Nations General Assembly http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/38 <p><em>Language, power and ideology are prominent hallmarks of political discourse those interact to code and decode ideologies on global and national level. His speech in UNGA reflects the diplomatic political ideas to tackle the sensitive sentimental and historical issue between nuclear powers in a strategic rational mode. This investigation attempts to explore the real political global philosophy, the actional vs. relational elements in the speech and its role in the construction of Pakistan’s image around the globe. This is significant as it reveals the role of language in the construction of world views. It also reflects the hyperbolic, sentimental and active element in it by western print media. Hodge and Kress (1996) Syntagmatic Model has been used as a theoretical framework. Qualitative method is used to identify the syntagmatic hallmarks and ideology in the political discourse. Data has been collected through purposive sampling technique. The findings of this study shows that Mr. Khan performs the actional transactive role as a dynamic responsible political leader and casts positive impact on cognition of UN and confronting power. He propagates the global political ideology which is anti-war and co-operation for the creation of peace. Similarly, he highlights the power ideology through the use of language as both countries are nuclear powers and use of power in reaction to the over use of authority in Kashmir by Indian government will lead to the dead end. Consequently, he uses deep, sentimental, rational and actional words as represented by WPM to influence the cognition, perception and consciousness of the other leader and nations. So that he can lead the historical challenging Kashmir issue on the way to solution and constructs the positive image of Pakistan. Briefly, this research will help the future researchers to investigate the interpersonal meta-functions and critical stylistic analysis of this political discourse.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</em></p> Abida Ali Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 1 49 60 10.52700/pjh.v2i1.38 Genocide of Rohingya Muslims and Role of Contemporary World Actors http://pjh.wum.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/35 <p><em>Myanmar is the region of Buddhist religious community where lived other races as minorities like Rohingya Muslims.&nbsp; From many decades the Muslims have been victims of widespread violation policies of the Myanmar government. It is adopted gradual, multidimensional discriminatory and oppressive policies against the Rohingya people. The proposed research is an attempt to explore the reasons behind genocide activities took against the Rohingya as a Muslim minority in Myanmar (former Burma). The Muslim minority issue in Myanmar is attached to the past when they came and settled in southern areas of the former Burma (Myanmar). The Rohingya minority crises are also creating the political and regional tensions. So, </em><em>the local and international powers are diverting their attention to handle the issues of Rohingya Muslims as well. Through the deductive and analytical approach very best tried to analyze the social and ethnic factors into the scenario of Rohingya Muslims genocide confronts within the structure of non-traditional security crisis. The inhuman activities against Rohingya Muslims can stop and bring about a durable solution by the concrete efforts of the local and international communities. </em></p> Safdar Ali Dr. Amir Ahmad Khuhro Dr. Liaquat Ali Chandio Aijaz Ahmed Shaikh Copyright (c) 2021 PERENNIAL JOURNAL OF HISTORY 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 2 1 61 80 10.52700/pjh.v2i1.35